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Part I: Child Development and Pedagogy
Directions: Answer the following questions by selecting the most appropriate option.
1. A creative learner refers to one who is
(a) very talented in drawing and painting
(b) highly intelligent
(c) capable of scoring consistently good marks in tests
(d) good at lateral thinking and problem solving
2. Individual learners differ from each other in
(a) principles of growth and development
(b) rate of development
(c) sequence of development
(d) general capacity for development
3. Every learner is unique means that
(a) no two learners are alike in their abilities, interests, and talents
(b) learners do not have any common qualities, nor do they share common goals
(c) a common curriculum for all learners is not possible
(d) it is impossible to develop the potential of learners in a heterogeneous class
4. Constructivism as a theory
(a) focuses on the role of imitation
(b) emphasizes the role of the learner in constructing his/her own view of the world
(c) emphasizes memorizing information and testing through recall
(d) emphasizes the dominant role of the teacher
5. Development of concepts is primarily a part of
(a) emotional development
(b) intellectual development
(c) physical development
(d) social development
6. Heredity is considered a …………. social structure.
7. The most intense and crucial socialization takes place
(a) throughout the life of a person
(b) during adolescence
(c) during early childhood
(d) during adulthood
8. Helping learners recapitulate or recall what they have already learned is important because
(a) it is a convenient beginning for any classroom instruction
(b) relating new information to prior knowledge enhances learning
(c) it is an effective way of revising lessons
(d) it enhances the memory of learners thereby strengthening learning
9. According to Piaget, during the first stage of development (birth to about 2 years age), a child learns best by
(a) using the senses
(b) comprehending neutral words
(c) thinking in an abstract fashion
(d) applying the newly acquired knowledge of the language
10. The theory of leaning that totally depends on observable behavior is associated with the theory of learning
11 The multilingual character of Indian society should be seen as
(a) a hindrance in the teaching-learning process
(b) a resource for the enrichment of school life
(c) a challenge to the teacher’s capacity to motivate students to learn
(d) a factor that makes school life a complex experience for learners.
12. Creative answers require
(a) direct teaching and direct questions
(b) content-based questions
(c) open-ended questions
(d) a highly disciplined classroom
13. Diagnosis of gaps in the learning of students should be followed by
(a) appropriate remedial measures
(b) intensive drill and practice
(c) systematic revision of all lessons
(d) reporting the findings to learners and parents
14. Which of the following statements cannot be considered as a feature of learning?
(a) Learning is a process that mediates behavior.
(b) Learning is something that occurs as a result of certain experiences.
(c) Study of behavior is learning
(d) Unlearning is also a part of learning.
15. ‘Self-regulation’ of learners refers to
(a) their ability to monitor their own learning
(b) creating regulations for student behavior
(c) rules and regulations made by the student body
(d) self-discipline and control
16. Which of the following does not reflect ‘teaching for understanding’?
(a) Ask students to explain a phenomenon or a concept in their own words
(b) Teach students to provide examples to illustrate how the law works
(c) Help students see similarities and differences and generate analogies
(d) Enable students to memorize isolated facts and procedures
17. Which of the following statements is true about learning?
(a) Errors made by children indicate that no learning has taken place.
(b) Learning is effective in an environment that is emotionally positive and satisfying for learners.
(c) Learning is not affected by emotional factors at the stage of learning.
(d) Learning is fundamentally a mental activity.
18. Human development is based on certain principles. Which of the following is not a principle of human development?
(c) General to specific
19. The main purpose of assessment should be
(a) to point out the errors of the learners
(b) to measure the achievement of learners
(c) to decide if a student should be promoted to the next class
(d) to diagnose and remedy gaps in learning
20. The centrally-sponsored scheme of integrated education for disabled children aims at providing educational opportunities to children with disabilities in
(a) regular schools
(b) special schools
(c) open schools
(d) blind relief association schools
21. Which of the following is not a sign of reading difficulty among young learners?
(a) letter and word recognition
(b) reading speed and fluency
(c) understanding words and ideas
(d) spelling consistency
22. A teacher wants the gifted children of her class to achieve their potential. Which of the following should she not do to achieve her objective?
(a) Teach them to enjoy non-academic activities
(b) Teach them to manage stress
(c) Segregate them from their peers for special attention
(d) Challenge them to enhance their creativity
23. Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of intrinsically motivated children?
(a) They always succeed.
(b) They enjoy doing their work.
(c) They display a high level of energy while working.
(d) They like challenging tasks
24. Which of the following is not an appropriate tool for formative assessment?
(b) Oral questions
(c) Term test
(d) Quiz and games
25. Learners should not be encouraged to
(a) ask as many questions as possible both inside and outside the class
(b) actively interact with other learners in group work
(c) participate in as many co-curricular activities as possible
(d) memorize all the answers to questions that the teacher may ask
26. Irfan breaks toys and dismantles them to explore their components. What would you do?
(a) Never let Irfan play with toys.
(b) Always keep a close watch.
(c) Encourage his inquisitive nature and channelize his energy
(d) Make him understand that toys should not be broken
27. The statement ‘Men are generally more intelligent than women
(a) Is true
(b) maybe true
(c) shows gender bias
(d) is true for different domains of intelligence
28. Understanding the principles of development of a child helps a teacher in
(a) identifying the social status of the learner
(b) identifying the economic background of the learner
(c) rationalizing why the learner ought to be taught
(d) effectively catering to the different learning styles of learners
29. Christina took her class for a field trip and after coming back, she discussed the trip with her students. This may connote:
(a) assessment of learning
(b) assessment for learning
(c) learning for assessment
(d) learning of assessment
30. The statement ‘An important precondition for the proper development of a child is ensuring her/his healthy physical development
(a) is untrue as physical development does not affect other domains of development in any way
(b) maybe incorrect as development varies from individual to individual
(c) is true because physical development occupies the topmost place in the sequence of development
(d) is true because physical development is interrelated with other domains of development